When you are working and notice that something is wrong and could pose a safety issue, it is part of your responsibility to make sure it is reported. Ideally, you can bring it up with your supervisor and get things handled. However, this is not always going to work. In that case, you have every right to make a report with the Occupational Health and Safety Administration.
According to the United States Department of Labor, every employee has the right to make an OSHA report if they see a safety hazard in their work place that is not being properly handled by the employer. OSHA will then investigate and take the steps necessary to properly manage the risk.
You do not have to go through your employer to make an OSHA report. You actually make the report directly to OSHA. You should file your report as soon as possible after you realize there is an issue or that your employer is not taking steps to fix the situation. Your report will be confidential.
To file a report, you have four options. You can call it in to your regional OSHA office. You will give them the information and they will ask questions to gather the necessary facts to begin the investigation process. If the situation is life-threatening, you should always make your report by phone. Another option is to file online. The OSHA website provides a complaint form you can use to enter in all the relevant information. This form will be forwarded to your local office. The last two options are filing by fax or mail. You would send your report to your local office. You can get a report form online or you can go to the office to get the form.
This information is for education and not legal advice.